Carlos W. Colby Papers

Institution: Newberry Library
60 W. Walton St.
Chicago, IL 60610
Phone: 312-255-3506
Date: 1821-1937
Extent: .8 Linear Feet
Finding Aid

Biographical/Historical Note:
Illinois farmer and Civil War soldier. Emigrating from New Hampshire with his family in 1850 to a farm near Alton, Ill., Colby enlisted in Co. G. of the 97th Illinois Volunteer Infantry in Sept. of 1862 and was mustered in as a second corporal. He served with the 97th on the Vicksburg Campaign, taking part in the continual assaults and final surrender. From there the regiment was moved south to New Orleans and was stationed in Louisiana, Alabama and Florida, joining in several campaigns. In April, 1865, Colby was wounded at Fort Blakely, Ala., and after an extended hospitalization was mustered out in August, 1865. After the war Colby returned to Illinois, married Anne E. Rowe (sister of Co. G friend James Rowe), and settled down to farming and raising a family. Colby died in 1922, having received the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1896 for his service at Vicksburg.

Scope and Content Note:
The bulk of the collection consists of Civil War letters; some material relating to the 97th Illinois Volunteer Regiment; Civil War letters discussing racist attitudes, Methodist African American revival in Louisiana; reminiscences of Colby’s boyhood and military career and copies of his obituaries; a small group of family letters; genealogical writings; and photographs of Colby and his family.

Related Material: None