Everett Family Papers

Institution: Newberry Library
60 W. Walton St.
Chicago, IL 60610
Phone: 312-255-3506
Date: 1794-1949
Extent: 6.9 Linear Feet
Finding Aid

Biographical/Historical Note:
In 1840 Robert Everett started Y Cenhadwr Americanaidd, (The American Missionary), to serve the Welsh Congregationalists. Initially published at an office in Remsen, NY, Everett eventually moved the press to his residence around 1845, where the the family printed Y Cenhadwr for the next thirty years. Elizabeth Everett and all of the Everett children contributed to the publication of Y Cenhadwr, setting type, taking orders, and mailing copies. The influential publication had a wide circulation throughout the United States and Canada, sometimes reaching overseas as well. Everett, an early abolitionist, used Y Cenhadwr to preach against slavery and also to advocate temperance. When some subscribers, particularly those in the south and border states, stopped taking Y Cenhadwr because of the anti-slavery articles, Everett debuted another magazine, Y Dyngarwr, (The Philanthropist) entirely devoted to the temperance movement and campaign against slavery. Everett fully embraced the abolitionist cause, supporting the Liberty Party, hosting anti-slavery society meetings at his churches, and incorporating the abolitionist message into his sermons. He initially met with much opposition from congregants who did not wish to hear political opinions during religious services. He was often pelted with eggs or hymnals during his sermons, once his horse and carriage were vandalized, and he was briefly in danger of being removed from his post. Everett persevered, however, and continued to preach anti-slavery and encourage his fellow Welsh to support the movement. In 1853 he published a Welsh translation of Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, which he intended to stir up anti-slavery spirit among the Welsh Congregationalists. After dissatisfaction with the Kansas-Nebraska Act prompted many Welsh to support the nascent Republican Party, by 1856 most Welsh were united in their opposition to slavery. When the Civil War broke out in 1860, Everett, though a pacifist, supported the Union as he considered the conflict a crusade against slavery. Robert Everett died in 1875 after a brief illness. After his death, Elizabeth Everett continued to publish Y Cenhadwr until late 1876, when their son Lewis Everett took over. Elizabeth Everett died in 1878 after contracting pneumonia.

Scope and Content Note:
Primarily correspondence of the Everett family, concerning family news and health issues, and also covering abolition, temperance, women's rights, rights of African-Americans, and moral reform. Printing, education, pioneer life, and religion are all discussed within the papers. Papers include materials of Robert Everett, the pastor of Welsh Congregationalist churches in Oneida County, NY, and publisher of Y Cenhadwr Americanaidd (The American Missionary), a Welsh religious reform magazine that was pro-abolition. Also included are letters and materials of Mary Everett, a graduate of New York Medical College and Hospital for Women, who was also involved in the suffrage movement, John Roberts and Sarah Colgrove Everett, pioneers who moved to Kansas Territory in 1854 and were active in abolitionist activities, and Cynthia Everett, a member of the American Missionary Association who taught freedmen in Norfolk, VA and Charleston, SC following the Civil War.

Related Material: None