American Colonization Society Records

Institution: Chicago History Museum
1601 N. Clark Street
Chicago, IL 60614
Phone: (312) 642-4600
Date: 1820-1873
Extent: .25 Linear Feet
Finding Aid: None

Biographical/Historical Note:
The American Colonization Society, or The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America, was the primary vehicle for proposals to return free African Americans to what was considered greater freedom in Africa. It helped to found the colony of Liberia in 1821–22, as a place for freedmen.

Scope and Content Note:
Includes correspondence, account sheets, constitution, instructions to agents, letters of introduction from the Board of Managers, and other materials. Topics include the formation of auxiliary societies, importance of suppressing the slave trade, African settlements, fund-raising, and captured Africans recommended to the attention of the Society after they have been discharged from the U.S. Correspondents include Dr. Eli Ayres, E. Bacon, Elias B. Caldwell, Ralph Randolph Gurley, Harry D. (or Henry) Hunter, Francis S. Key, Joseph King, J. Macaulay, John Mason, the Hon. Smith Thompson, and Thomas Tyson.

Related Material: None