American Veterans Committee, Chicago Area Council Records

Institution: University of Chicago Library - Special Collections Research Center
Address:
1100 E. 57th Street
Chicago, IL 60637-1504
Phone: 773-702-8705
Fax: 773-702-3728
Contact
Website
Date: 1946-1958
Extent: 4 Linear Feet
Finding Aid: None

Abstract
Biographical/Historical Note:
The American Veterans Committee (AVC) was founded in 1944, during World War II, as a liberal veterans organization and an alternative to groups such as the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars. With the motto "Citizens first, veterans second," the AVC supported a range of liberal causes: for example, it challenged military segregation and maintained racially integrated chapters in Southern states. Although it had 100,000 member by 1947, it was targeted as a "Communist front" organization (i.e., one under the control of the Communist Party, USA), and in response the AVC ousted prominent Communist members and chapters, and subsequently voted to close its membership to members of all totalitarian parties. This bitter struggle resulted in a decline in membership, with AVC rolls falling to 20,000 by 1948, although continued to support liberal causes until it disbanded in 2003. SOURCE: American Veterans Committee: FOIA Files TAM 213, Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives.

Scope and Content Note:
This collection includes records of the Chicago Area Council of the American Veterans Committee.

Related Material: None